With the rapid growth of population, there has been a substantial increase in the generation of solid waste resulting into the contamination of air, water and land resources. Human activities create waste, and it is the way these wastes are handled, stored, collected and disposed of that pose risks to the environment and to public health. Municipal solid wastes, commonly known as trash or garbage, are the solid wastes generated from different municipalities. Some of these wastes have been proved to be extremely toxic and infectious. The uncontrolled and unscientific dumping of such wastes have brought about a rising number of incidents of hazards to human health. More serious risk to human health is envisaged due to contamination of surface and ground water.
Realising the need for proper and scientific management of solid waste, the Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2000 were notified by the Ministry of Environment and Forest, Govt. of India [vide No.S.O.908 (B) dated the 25th September 2000]. The objective of these Rules was to make every municipal authority responsible for the implementation of the various provisions of the Rules within its territorial area and also to develop an effective infrastructure for collection, storage, segregation, transportation, processing and disposal of Municipal Solid Wastes (MSW). The indiscriminate dumping of municipal solid wastes in water bodies and low lying areas is a common practice followed by most of the municipalities with no consideration of its effect on the environment. Moreover, the lack of the basic information regarding generation, collection, transportation and disposal of solid waste is noted.
Across the country, many communities, organisations and individuals have found innovative ways to reduce and better manage MSW through a coordinated mix of practices. However, the most environmentally sound management of MSW is achieved when these approaches meets the norms laid down by the MSW Rules. Not much headway has been achieved by our municipalities in the implementation of the Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) Rules. Thus there is a need to understand the implementation issues related to solid waste management with a view to provide eco-friendly, sustainable and community based solutions to waste management problems. With this objective in mind, the West Bengal Pollution Control Board would organise a one-day workshop on December 9, 2003, which would be attended by 150-odd participants from various sectors.
|Forenoon Session||9-30 hrs.||Registration|
|10-00 hrs. to 10-15 hrs.||Presidential address by Shri Hirak Ghosh, Principal Secretary, Department of Environment, Govt. of W.B. and Chairman, W.B.P.C.B.|
|10-15 hrs. to 10-25 hrs.||Address by Shri D. Mukhopadhyay, Secretary, Municipal Affairs Department, Govt. of W.B.|
|10-25 hrs. 10-40 hrs.||Inaugural Address by the Minister in Charge, Department of Environment and Information Technology, Govt. of W.B.|
|10-40 hrs. to 10-50 hrs.||Vote of thanks by Dr. S. K. Sarkar, Member Secretary, W.B.P.C.B.|
|Afternoon Session (1)||11-00 hrs. to 11-45 hrs.||Technical Session 1 : Overall view of MSW Management plan and the present scenario in the Country Dr. A. B. Akolkar, Addl. Director, CPCB|
|11-45 hrs. to 12-30 hrs.||Technical Session 2 : Best practices adopted for segregation, collection, storage & transportation of MSW Mr. P.U. Asnani, Consultant, USAEP|
|12-30 hrs. to 13-00 hrs.||Technical Session 3 : MSW management at Bhadreswar Municipality a case study Chairman, Bhadreswar Municipality|
|13-45 hrs. to 14-30 hrs.||Technical Session 4 : Processing of MSW Mr. Basaviah, M.D., Karnataka Compost Development Corporation.|
|14-30 hrs. to 15-15 hrs.||Technical Session 5 : Engineered landfill of MSW Mr. G. Reddy, Director, Ramky Enviro Engineers, Hyderabad.|
|15-15 hrs. to 16-00 hrs.||Technical Session 6 : Present scenario of MSW management system prevailing in Chennai Mr. T. Ramkumar, Director, Exnora, Chennai|
|16-00 hrs. to 16-15 hrs.||Technical Session 7 : Organic composting and its application in different agricultural fields Dr. P Das Biswas, KMI Bio-Tech, Kolkata|
|Afternoon Session (2)||16-30 hrs. to 17-15 hrs.||
Panel discussion Mr. P. U. Asnani,
|17-15 hrs.||Vote of thanks Dr. Dipak Chakraborty, Chief Scientist, WBPCB|