CONCLUDING PROGRAMME OF THE
INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION CONTROL PROJECT

at The Auditorium, Paribesh Bhawan, Kolkata
on 19
th December, 2003 at 2:30 p.m.

Organised by the West Bengal Pollution Control Board

The Industrial Pollution Control Project of the WBPCB – Supported by the Japan Bank of International Cooperation (JBIC)

The Industrial Pollution Control Project (ID – P/105) is basically a capacity development project of the West Bengal Pollution Control Board (WBPCB). The basic objective was the upgradation and augmentation of the capacity of the Board with respect to its basic objective of enforcement of the environmental statutes and maintenance of the ‘environment’ safe for human existence and development.

The project commenced on 12.04.1995 and ended on 12.04.2003. The total expenditure of the project was 426 million INR (Loan Component = 346 million INR and State Government Share = 80 million INR).

Necessity of the project (as in the year 1996)

The WBPCB is the main enforcing agency of different environmental statutes of India such as:

a) The Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 & Rules.

b) The Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977 & Rules.

c) The Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1981& Rules.

d) The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 & Rules.

e) The Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989.

f) The Hazardous Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 1989.

g) The Bio-medical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 1989.

h) The Public Liability Insurance Act 1991.

The main enforcing instruments of the Board are "Consent to Establish" or "Consent to Operate" by which industrial and/or environmentally important activities are issued or refused to the establishments depending on their compliance with regard to discharge of liquid, solid or gaseous effluents.

The jurisdiction of the WBPCB is the state of West Bengal with a population of about 70 million (19 million urban and 51 million rural) as per 1901 census report and land cover of 88075 sq. km. divided in 18 districts. The State capital Calcutta, a business-cum-industrial city has a population of about 4.5 million. Before the said project, the Board had its head office at Calcutta and four regional offices with one laboratory at the head quarter with a scanty facility and capacity to monitor less than half the parameters required for proper environmental monitoring.

So far as air monitoring is concerned, the conventional methods adopted by the Board were prone to errors and these air monitoring systems were required to be gradually upgraded through installation of automatic ambient air monitoring stations and proper network to run and maintain them.

Speaking about water monitoring, although in last four years the number of laboratories of the Board went up to four and three more to come shortly, the analyzing of water samples lack many of the sophisticated analytical instruments used in such cases. The present facility cannot measure precisely many of the parameters and at all some parameters. Moreover, in recent years much stress has been given globally for management of "hazardous waste" and "biomedical waste". The country has enacted suitable laws implementation of which needs precise measurement of many more contaminating parameters both chemical and biological in nature. Upgradation of the laboratory facility of the Board is thus an absolute necessity with respect to the following:

  1. Sophisticated and state-of-the-art instruments and equipment to improve precision of analysis.
  2. Better safety arrangement inside the laboratory
  3. Facility for proper keeping, handling and disposal of reagents and toxics to ensure safety of the workers and the neighborhood.

Impact of the JBIC-aided Project

The project, started in 1996 was concluded in April 2003 with the following achievements:

  1. Construction of office-cum-laboratory complex at Calcutta, Durgapur and Barrackpur; Calcutta being the head quarter and the other two being two most important with respect to density of industrial establishments.
  2. Training programme (both overseas and in-house) for technical staff of the Board for understanding of state-of-the-art technologies for environmental monitoring and industrial pollution control.
  3. Data collection at monitoring stations at Victoria Memorial Hall and Rabindra Bharti University premises.
  4. Establishment of a data bank and center for public awareness facility to provide facility to train government and industry personnel and non-government organisations working for environmental awareness development.
  5. Procurement of instruments and equipments for the laboratories for monitoring of all possible parameters in environmental samples including five automatic air quality stations, one mobile van and a net work of data and information flow back and forth.

With the facility and infrastructure developed and the capacity development programme performed through the project, the WBPCB is now capable of tackling almost all industrial pollution control issues as mandated by the Acts and Rules. Performing state-of-the-art analysis of any type of environmental sample at the laboratories placed at three industrially most important locations, e.g, Durgapur, Barrackpur and Kolkata, is another unique feature obtained by the Board through the project.

Programme Schedule of the Concluding Ceremony of the Industrial Pollution Control Project

Time

Programme

14:30

Welcome Address

By Shri Hirak Ghosh, IAS, Principal Secretary, Department of Environment, Government of West Bengal

14:40

Speech

By Shri Kenzi Shimizu, The Guest of Honour, Consul General of Japan

14:50

Unveiling of Signage

By Shri Kenzi Shimizu, Consul General of Japan

14:55

Speech

By Shri Toru Namura, the Special Guest: Chief Representative of the Japan Bank for International Cooperation

15:00

Speech

By the Chief Guest: Shri Manabendra Mukhopadhyay, Minister-in-Charge, Departments of Environment & Information Technology, Government of West Bengal

15:10

Vote of Thanks

By Dr. S K Sarkar, IAS, Member Secretary, WBPCB